Re: London previously said it played no role...



The official British record of George III's reign is summarised here if
anyone's interested in mere facts
http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page111.asp

So according to the mentally ill German Queen Elizabeth II who
executed (signed) the DI and Dodi hit order:
http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page111.asp

GEORGE III (r. 1760-1820)
http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page737.asp
The Royal Collection

George III was born on 4 June 1738 in London, the eldest son of
Frederick, Prince of Wales, and Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha. He
became heir to the throne on the death of his father in 1751,
succeeding his grandfather, George II, in 1760. He was the third
Hanoverian monarch and the first one to be born in England and to use
English as his first language. George III is widely remembered for
two things: losing the American colonies and going mad. This is far
from the whole truth. George's direct responsibility for the loss of
the colonies is not great. He opposed their bid for independence to
the end, but he did not develop the policies (such as the Stamp Act of
1765 and the Townshend duties of 1767 on tea, paper and other
products) which led to war in 1775-76 and which had the support of
Parliament. These policies were largely due to the financial burdens
of garrisoning and administering the vast expansion of territory
brought under the British Crown in America, the costs of a series of
wars with France and Spain in North America, and the loans given to
the East India Company (then responsible for administering India). By
the 1770s, and at a time when there was no income tax, the national
debt required an annual revenue of £4 million to service it. The
declaration of American independence on 4 July 1776, the end of the
war with the surrender by British forces in 1782, and the defeat which
the loss of the American colonies represented, could have threatened
the Hanoverian throne. However, George's strong defence of what he
saw as the national interest and the prospect of long war with
revolutionary France made him, if anything, more popular than before.
The American war, its political aftermath and family anxieties placed
great strain on George in the 1780s. After serious bouts of illness
in 1788-89 and again in 1801, George became permanently deranged in
1810. He was mentally unfit to rule in the last decade of his reign;
his eldest son - the later George IV - acted as Prince Regent from
1811. Some medical historians have said that George III's mental
instability was caused by a hereditary physical disorder called
porphyria. George's accession in 1760 marked a significant change in
royal finances. Since 1697, the monarch had received an annual grant
of £700,000 from Parliament as a contribution to the Civil List, i.e.
civil government costs (such as judges' and ambassadors' salaries) and
the expenses of the Royal Household. In 1760, it was decided that the
whole cost of the Civil List should be provided by Parliament in
return for the surrender of the hereditary revenues by the King for
the duration of his reign (This arrangement still applies today,
although civil government costs are now paid by Parliament, rather
than financed directly by the monarch from the Civil List). The first
25 years of George's reign were politically controversial for reasons
other than the conflict with America. The King was accused by some
critics, particularly Whigs (a leading political grouping), of
attempting to reassert royal authority in an unconstitutional manner.
In fact, George took a conventional view of the constitution and the
powers left to the Crown after the conflicts between Crown and
Parliament in the 17th century. Although he was careful not to exceed
his powers, George's limited ability and lack of subtlety in dealing
with the shifting alliances within the Tory and Whig political
groupings in Parliament meant that he found it difficult to bring
together ministries which could enjoy the support of the House of
Commons. His problem was solved first by the long-lasting ministry of
Lord North (1770-82) and then, from 1783, by Pitt the Younger, whose
ministry lasted until 1801. George III was the most attractive of the
Hanoverian monarchs. He was a good family man (there were 15 children)
and devoted to his wife, Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, for whom
he bought the Queen's House (later enlarged to become Buckingham
Palace). However, his sons disappointed him and, after his brothers
made unsuitable secret marriages, the Royal Marriages Act of 1772 was
passed at George's insistence (Under this Act, the Sovereign must give
consent to the marriage of any lineal descendant of George II, with
certain exceptions). Being extremely conscientious, George read all
government papers and sometimes annoyed his ministers by taking such a
prominent interest in government and policy. His political influence
could be decisive. In 1801, he forced Pitt the Younger to resign when
the two men disagreed about whether Roman Catholics should have full
civil rights. George III, because of his coronation oath to maintain
the rights and privileges of the Church of England, was against the
proposed measure. One of the most cultured of monarchs, George
started a new royal collection of books (65,000 of his books were
later given to the British Museum, as the nucleus of a national
library) and opened his library to scholars. In 1768, George founded
and paid the initial costs of the Royal Academy of Arts (now famous
for its exhibitions). He was the first king to study science as part
of his education (he had his own astronomical observatory), and
examples of his collection of scientific instruments can now be seen
in the Science Museum. George III also took a keen interest in
agriculture, particularly on the crown estates at Richmond and
Windsor, being known as 'Farmer George'. In his last years, physical
as well as mental powers deserted him and he became blind. He died at
Windsor Castle on 29 January 1820, after a reign of almost 60 years -
the second longest in British history.

and according to the mentally ill German Queen Elizabeth II who
executed (signed) the DI and Dodi hit order:
http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page128.asp

GEORGE VI (r. 1936-52)
http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page746.asp
Camera Press, London

George VI [the name Saxe-Coburg-Gotha came to the British Royal Family
in 1840 with the marriage of Queen Victoria to Prince Albert, son of
Ernst, Duke of Saxe-Coburg & Gotha. King George V replaced the German
title with that of Windsor during the First World War] became King
unexpectedly following the abdication of his brother, King Edward VIII
[also name Saxe-Coburg-Gotha], in 1936. A conscientious and dedicated
man, he worked hard to adapt to the role into which he was suddenly
thrown. Reserved by nature, and of deep religious belief, he was
helped in his work by his wife. He had married Lady Elizabeth Bowes-
Lyon in 1923. King George VI paid State Visits to France in 1938, and
to Canada and the United States in 1939 (he was the first British
monarch to enter the United States). His greatest achievements came
during the Second World War, when he remained for most of the time at
Buckingham Palace (the Palace was bombed nine times during the war).
He and his wife, Queen Elizabeth, visited severely bombed areas in the
East End of London and elsewhere in the country, gained him great
popularity. The King developed a close working relationship with his
wartime Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, as most of Europe fell to
Nazi Germany. Recognising the total nature of modern warfare, in 1940
the King instituted the George Cross and George Medal, to be awarded
for acts of bravery by citizens. In 1942, the George Cross was
awarded to the island and people of Malta in recognition of the
heroism with which they had resisted the enemy siege. Having served
in the Navy during the First World War, including the Battle of
Jutland, the King was anxious to visit his troops whenever possible.
He went to France in 1939 to inspect the British Expeditionary Force,
and to North Africa in 1943 after the victory of El Alamein. In June
1944, the King visited his Army on the Normandy beaches 10 days after
D-Day, and later that year he visited troops in Italy and the Low
Countries. On VE (Victory in Europe) Day, 8 May 1945, Buckingham
Palace was a focal point of the celebrations. The war had immeasurably
strengthened the link between the King and his people. In 1947, the
King undertook a major tour of South Africa, accompanied by the Queen
and their daughters, Princess Elizabeth and Princess Margaret - the
first time a monarch had undertaken a tour with his family. When
India and Pakistan became independent in 1947, George ceased to be
Emperor of India. Changes in the Commonwealth meant that its tie was
no longer based on common allegiance to the Crown, but upon
recognition of the Sovereign as Head of the Commonwealth. These
changes in the Commonwealth relationship and the social reforms of the
post-war Labour government occurred against the background of
Britain's weak post-war economic position and the beginning of the
Cold War, which meant that the privations of war were extended well
into the post-war period. By 1948, it seemed that Britain had
overcome the worst hardships of the post-war years, but the strain of
the Second World War and the tensions of the post-war period had taken
their toll on the King's health. The King failed to recover from a
lung operation, and died in his sleep on 6 February 1952 at
Sandringham; he was aged 56. After lying in state at Westminster
Hall, the King's funeral was held at St George's Chapel, Windsor,
where he lies buried. At the King's funeral, attached to the
Government's wreath was a card on which Churchill had written the
phrase inscribed on the Victoria Cross - 'For Valour'.

the last Royalty King was a mentally ill German also.
http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page147.asp

I can't remember if it was a Royalty King George I, II,
III, IV, V, VI, or some other name and number like that. It doesn't
matter much I guess, because he's Dead Royalty now,

also mentally ill and German. So?

Are any of them sane?

Well at least mentally ill Adolf Hitler wasn't a German.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Austria-Hungary

G-D
.



Relevant Pages

  • George Brewes
    ... Sometime ago I obtained an original copy of the I.P.M. of George Brewes. ... Henry by the grace of God King of England and France and Lord of Ireland to his escheator in the county of Gloucestershire, ... Because George Brewes, squire, who held of us in chief, as we understand, has died, we command you to take all those lands and tenements of which the same George was seised in his demense as of fee in his balliwick on the day which he died, without delay into our hands, and to keep them safe until you have other orders, and by the oath of upright and law-worthy men of your said balliwick through whom the truth of the matter may best be known, you are to make a careful enquiry of how much land and tenements the same George held of us in chief, both in demesne and in lordship in your said balliwick on the day he died, and how much he held from others, and by what service, and how much those lands and tenements are worth a year in all their issues, and who is the next heir of the same George on the day he died and of what age. ...
    (soc.genealogy.medieval)
  • Re: While England Slept
    ... The rages of George VI are a matter of public record, ... at court or accorded his rank of "Royal Highness" by the king. ... In addition, FDR had a personal ... assuming that the Governor-General did not have the power either. ...
    (soc.genealogy.medieval)
  • Re: Empress Elizabeth of Austria and Byzantine Decent
    ... King of Great Britain & Ireland ... George II, King of Great Britain & Ireland ... Vladimir II Monomakh Grand Prince of Kiev ...
    (alt.talk.royalty)
  • Re: King Tupou V ascends the throne
    ... concerning his mother Queen Salote. ... Should the new king be called King Tupou V or King George Tupou V? ... decorations. ...
    (alt.talk.royalty)
  • Re: Legitimacy of UK titles following abdication
    ... synonyms ABDICATE, RENOUNCE, RESIGN mean to give up a position with no ... parent <abdicated the throne>. ... based upon these two definitions that King Edward VIII ... It can be debated for ever if King George VI's act ...
    (alt.talk.royalty)