Complexity science meets geology, some recent research papers

Complexity science at the Univ of Calgary
Recent research

Ya know, five years ago this science didn't exist in anything
like the form it is taking today. If you don't understand the
underlying concepts of this new discipline, you cannot
know reality in a modern or scientific way. But will be left
within a world view that is thousands of years old.

This science exists at an entirely different scale or frame
of reference from classical methods. The quote at the bottom
of the page explains nicely, but too simply, this difference. Instead
of operating at extremes, pushing the limits of detailed
knowledge, complexity science operates at the union of extremes.
At or near the human level of scale, time and complexity.

The word 'complexity' has an entirely different, and very
specific, meaning now. If you don't know that new
definition, but hold to the popular definition, then your
world view is ancient and grossly incomplete.
If a statement such as...

"these results assume zero knowledge of the
system being studied"

....seems odd, then you're still living in the Dark Ages
of scientific thought.

"What one thinks, what one feels, the agony, the suffering,
the ambition, the envy, the extraordinary confusion one is in,
that is the world."

Quantifying complexity science


Univ of Calgary
"Complex systems: the next frontier of 21st century physics"

"Physics has historically progressed by pushing back the frontiers at the
very largest and smallest length scales. It was Newton's genius to see that
the same law governed the fall of an apple and the orbit of a planet. This
ambitious journey continued outward in space and backward in time,
culminating in our bizarre but beautiful contemporary picture of a universe
born in a bang, filled with a menagerie of black holes and spiral galaxies,
dark matter and dark energy. Our quest to understand the cosmos has been
paralleled and informed by the quest to understand matter on the tiniest
scales. This inward journey began with the notion of indivisible atoms and
proceeded by breaking supposedly ultimate entities into smaller and smaller
pieces obeying simpler and simpler mathematical rules, revealing the quantum
wonderland of quark and gluon, electron and photon. A rich interaction of
experiment and theory guided those journeys, and indeed the march continues
upward and downward, as indicated by the many provocative questions that
remain about the nature of dark energy, the quantization of gravity, and so

"Yet many phenomena at or near the human scale remained untouched by the
triumphal march of physics; not because they were uninteresting, but because
they were complex. What laws, if any, rule the intricate regulatory dance
of the genome or the sweep of evolution? The nail-biting gyrations of the
stock market or the drama of war and peace? These questions lie at the
heart of an understanding of our world, our society, and ourselves. They
all concern complex systems, and form a new frontier for theoretical
physics. The exploration of this undiscovered country lies at the heart of
our research in the complexity science group"